how did sam houston persuade the united states to annex texas? This is a topic that many people are looking for. cfiva.org is a channel providing useful information about learning, life, digital marketing and online courses …. it will help you have an overview and solid multi-faceted knowledge . Today, cfiva.org would like to introduce to you Biography – HS – Sam Houston – Part 1 of 2 – Texas Hero – Governor of Tennessee – President of Texas. Following along are instructions in the video below:
m steven b. And im phoebe zimmerman. With the voa special english program.
People people in america. Today. We tell the story of sam houston.
He was a congressman governor and president of the republic of texas and a hero. The united states was 17 years old when sam houston was born in virginia in 1793. His father was a soldier during the revolutionary war after the war.
He served as an officer in the state military forces of virginia sams mother took care of the family farm. While her husband was busy with his duties. Sams father died when the boy was 14 years old sams mother had to sell the farm to pay the money.
Her husband old. She and the children moved west to tennessee life in tennessee was not easy. Mrs.
Houston. And her children had to build a house and clear trees off the land. Sam did not like such hard work.
His mother and brothers decided that the boy was not meant to be a former they sent him to work in a store sam did not like this job. Any better than farming. One morning.
He failed to go to work sam was gone for weeks then his mother heard that he was living with the cherokee indians sams brothers found him at an indian village sam refused to leave he told his brothers that he loved the way the indians lived the cherokee chief lulu tayka. Accepted sam as his son sam was 19 years old when he left the indians to return to his own people. The united states and britain had begun fighting the war of 1812 and sam houston wanted to fight for his country.
He left to join the forces of general andrew jackson houston fought in a battle against a group of creek indians who supported the british he was wounded in the leg later in the fighting general jackson asked for someone to lead an attack against the indians houston jumped up and led the attack he was hit by several bullets and almost died.
It was a long time before houston was well again the war ended before he could return to action after several years as a peacetime soldier. The young officer received special orders from washington dc. Some cherokee chiefs had signed a treaty with the united states.
The treaty said that all cherokees must move west to an area across the mississippi river lulu teca with whom hewson had lived was not one of the chiefs who signed the treaty he could not understand why he should honor the agreement houstons job was to get lulu tayka to accept the treaty huston did not want to do this he believed it was wrong. However he also knew it was a soldiers duty to obey orders the cherokees were glad to see sam returned. But they were sad.
When they learned why he had come after much talk. Lulu. Tayka finally agreed to leave the land houston had done his duty.
But he was not pleased because of this and other reasons he left the army when he was 25 years old sam houston decided to become a lawyer he went to nashville the capital of tennessee to study law. Houston completed 18 months of study in just six months he surprised everyone by passing the test required to become a lawyer. He opened a law office in a town near nashville.
Former general andrew jackson. Lived near the city and houston visited him often they became close friends jackson was the political leader of tennessee. He urged his young friend to enter politics.
Houston accepted this invitation jacksons support meant much to a political candidate in tennessee. Houston. Was elected to the united states house of representatives.
He served in congress for four years then andrew jackson was elected president of the united states and houston was elected governor of tennessee houston had worked hard for jackson. Many people believe that houston would follow jackson as president. But houston had something else on his mind.
A young woman. She was eliza allen. The daughter of a friend they decided to marry for several months they seemed happy then something happened eliza left sam and returned home houston never explained the reason for the break between them.
Only that it was painful and private houston resigned as governor and left tennessee sam houston traveled to arkansas where the cherokee indians were living chief uh latekka welcomed him warmly houston attempted to forget his sadness by working hard but work did not make him forget houston drank too much alcohol and was drunk for months then he got a letter telling him his mother was sick. Houston went home before she died mrs. Houston told her son that she was sure of his strength.
And that he would succeed in life. Houston. Had received a letter from a group of new york city bankers.
They wanted him to go to the western area called texas houston. Liked this idea. Many americans had been moving to texas for the past few years.
The area was then part of mexico. However. The mexican government had opened the area to americans who wish to live there houston talked to the bankers.
But got no immediate decision from them he went to washington to see president jackson. The president offered him a job he asked his friend to go to texas to negotiate peace with the comanche indians houston moved to texas in 1832. He met with the indians.
The talks were successful and the indians agreed to have peace. People told him that a spirit of rebellion was spreading across texas. The mexican government had made a number of laws that the texans did not believe were fair houston went to san felipe de austin.
The capital of a colony of americans stephen austin had started the colony with mexicos permission and worked hard to make it a success. Austin feared that houston had come to lead a struggle against mexico austin. Did not believe that a war was necessary.
He thought new leaders would come to power in mexico. He believed they would make changes in the laws. Austin was partly right the mexican dictator anastasio bustamante was ousted general antonio lopez de santa ana seized power.
The texans called a meeting to write a letter to santa ana.
They asked him to change the cruel laws ordered by bustamante austin agreed to carry the letter to the new mexican leader. Months after austin left. The texans learned that he had been arrested in mexico city and put in prison.
They now felt that santa ana was no better than bustamante finally. The mexican leader. Freed austin.
And let him return to texas austin. Now believed that peaceful methods would not help the texans. The texans held another meeting.
There was a deep split among the delegates. Many believed the only answer was complete independence from mexico others believed. Texas should fight for a democratic mexican government.
After much debate. The delegates decided to try to keep texas. A mexican state.
They quickly wrote a new state constitution and agreed to meet again a temporary governor was elected sam houston. Was chosen commander in chief of the texas army. There was little time to get an army ready santa anas forces already were in texas in san antonio.
A group of texas volunteer soldiers wanted to go to san antonio to fight the mexicans houston opposed this idea he believed the soldiers needed more training. However the volunteer soldiers left for san antonio. There was a violent five day battle.
The small texas force won a surprise victory. Most texans believed the war had been won. But houston knew santa ana would not give up texas.
So easily houston continued to build an army several texas officers formed a small army and planned to attack mexico without houstons permission he believed the planned attack on mexico was wrong so he resigned. But before he did he ordered texans in san antonio to destroy the old spanish fort called the alamo houston. Did not think the alamo could be defended against a strong mexican attack that will be our story next week.
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