in frankenstein who is the speaker of the following quote i wish that i were to die with you This is a topic that many people are looking for. cfiva.org is a channel providing useful information about learning, life, digital marketing and online courses …. it will help you have an overview and solid multi-faceted knowledge . Today, cfiva.org would like to introduce to you C. Day Lewis: Walking Away Mr Bruff Analysis. Following along are instructions in the video below:
Everybody and welcome to this video where im going to analyze the poem walking walking away by c day lewis please do subscribe to the channel. If you have done so already now as you know by now when we look at these poems. We look at the poet.
But we just tried to find information from the poets life that helps us to understand the particular poem were looking at and actually in walking away is a very personal poem from c. Day. Lewis and really just describing a particular moment in his life.
So we dont need to know a lot of contextual detail to understand the poem. But i will just cover a couple of the basics for you to think about born in april. 1904.
Died in 1972. Born in ireland. But only stayed in ireland for a couple of years and then was raised in the uk.
See day lewis was the professor of poetry at oxford in the 50s and published. Walking away the poem were looking at today in a 1962 collection he was the poet laureate from 1968 to 1972. When he died and interesting bit of trivia is the father to daniel day lewis.
The very famous actor. Although this poem is about his son sean so its not something well write about in our analysis. Now walking away comes from the 1962 collection.
The gate. And this collection covers a wide range of topics religion politics love family. So even in his collections of poetry.
Theres not really one overarching theme. Although walking away is certainly. The most well known and well respected poem in the collection.
Lets have a little think about the literal translation. Do you remember your first ever day at school. I do and this picture here is the playground of play snow hill in from the school.
I had my first day at school there thirty years ago and i still remember it exactly and im sure youre the same well the poet is thinking back to the first day at school for his son. Sean and how he took him to school. How sean played a bit of football before school began and how then his son.
Sean went into the school building and eighteen years. Later the poet is still thinking about it so its a very significant moment in the poets life. Lets look at the poem and ill give you a quick literal translation.
It is 18 years ago. Almost to the day a sunny day with leaves just turning the touch lines new rules since i watched you play your first game of football then like a satellite wrenched from its orbit go drifting away. So.
Whats he saying here saying well almost exactly 18 years ago. When summer was turning into autumn. Everything at school was set up a fresh theyd repainted the lines on the football pitch.
And i was watching you play your first game of football and then painfully you drifted away behind a scatter of boys. I can see you walking away from me towards the school with the pathos of a half fledged thing set free into a wilderness. The gait of one who finds no path.
Where the path should be so this is actually continuing the sentence from stanza one a bit of enjoyment. Which will analyze in a second. But what hes saying is so you drifted away behind a group of boys and now even now eighteen years later i can picture.
It you were walking away from me towards the school you seemed sad. It was like you were set free. But not ready in an unsafe world you walked as if you were unsure of where to go the hesitant figure eddying away like a winged seed loosened from his parents stem has something i never quite grasped to convey about natures give and take the small the scorching ordeals.
Which fire ones a resolute clay gets tricky this problem doesnt it. So you know you were hesitant you were floating away from me like a seed separating and flying away from the plant. And i can never quite understand i can never quite get my head around how nature.
Gives and takes how painful experiences make you stronger and make you independent. I have had worse partings. But none that so gnaws at my mind still perhaps.
It is roughly saying. What god alone could perfectly show how selfhood begins with a walking away and love is proved in the letting go so. Whats he saying here.
Ive had more horrible experiences of saying goodbye than this but none of them are still so stuck in my mind. And perhaps. Its only god who can give up a son.
How you can only become your own person. I realized now when i let you go and that is what love is so a fairly simple poem lots and lots of imagery and metaphor in terms of the love and relationships cluster. The poem looks at the parent child relationship and as a result you might want to consider comparing it with follower by seamus heaney or mother any distance by simon armitage or climbing my grandfather by andrew waterhouse.
Or before you were mine by carol. Ann duffy. Now thats quite a lot of options so to be more precise.
We can say the poem explores the sacrificial nature of parental love. And that might could make it compare well with before you were mine. There.
s also an exploration of how relationships change over time theres a sense of shock for the father you cant quite let go of his son. But has to accept that the relationship is changing. And his son is growing up and this makes for a good comparison with mother any distance.
So what do we do when we have two ideas about how a poem covers a theme well we look at the language. The structure and the form.
We see what the poet is doing there and then we think about which theme best fits the poets techniques and in my belief in my opinion in this video. Then what were going to look primarily at is how the father is struggling to let go of and accept the changing nature of the relationship. He has with his son lets start by looking at the use of structure.
Lots of things on the screen. Ill talk through them all one by one so the poem is written in quintets. Each stanza.
Contains five lines and this is a very ordered and controlled structure. Which perhaps reflects the control. The father has had over his son up to this point in the poem and the control.
He still wants to have hence his frustration at letting go as well explore in the language analysis section. The father has been the constant steady force that the anas had in his life. And this is changing.
Now this steadiness of the father is backed up with the use of the rhyme scheme. Which is a gain consistent throughout abac a so the first line rhymes with the third and the fifth and then the the rest the b. And the c.
Do not rhyme. So theres a very tightly controlled rhyme scheme and a very tightly controlled stanza length. And i would say that that symbolizes the fathers wish to tightly control the life of his son.
Thats why this moment is so hard for him. He has to let go he has to as the title says walk away. But there are some contradictions to that thats what i love about poetry.
Theres one thing you can see which suggests something. But then theres something which challenges that so what about the use of on genre. Where sentences continue on to other lines.
And even other stanzas. We see the installment. I mentioned it earlier between the end of standards of 1 and the beginning of stanza.
2. And it says wrenched from its orbit to go drifting away behind a scatter of boys. But not only does the sentence continue on to the next line.
It continues on to a whole different stanza. Thats what enjoyment is the enjoyment that signifies a shift in the relationship. A change as the sun goes off with the other boys and similarly.
This is your use of punctuation to pause or stop the. Reader midline we. See an example with the after other boys.
So we could say that the use of on jean mont and caesura are structural. Features. Which challenge the idea of control that the father has it challenges the control of stanza length of rhyme scheme.
So the on jean mminton caesura reflect how the father is losing control his son is beginning the journey to independence and the father wants the tight control. But the poem refuses to give it to him in the stop start caesura the messy structural enjoyment. So theres a great way that we can just analyze structure and see the conflict that inner conflict of the father because he knows.
Its the right thing to do to let his son go and well talk about how thats presented through imagery in a second. But also he to let his son go and that conflict between tight control and lack of control is reflected through the rhyme scheme. The five line stanzas the caesura and the enjoyment and theyre all structural features and its always good to write about structure.
Because most students dont now lets have a little think about the ending. A lot of poems have cyclical structures. They start where they ended they end where they started or they they have no sense of conclusion.
But this poem does have a sense that the speaker is learned to accept the lack of control and structurally the poet reaches a conclusion with the final two lines how selfhood begins with a walking away and love is proved in the letting. Go is the sort of moral of the poem and these lines at the end show that the father is at least partially learned to let go and accepted the change. Which has taken place so the fact that this pun ultimate line.
The second to last line is also containing the title of the poem highlights its importance the message of the poem is the importance of letting go. But its not easy for the father to accept this and we see the struggle where the father goes through and a lot of the images thats have a look at one of the images. Which is this idea of like a satellite wrenched from its orbit.
Its a simile of danger. A satellite is supposed to orbit so we see in the picture here for example a satellite orbiting around the earth. And thats what its supposed to do so if its taken out of his orbit.
Something has gone wrong something is dangerous now we see also there is on charmant in the poem. I think the quotation actually ends the the the the line changes after the word satellite and the on jean mantilla is quite clever isnt it because it wrenches the sentence apart just like the satellite is being wrenched out of orbit and just like the father and son are being wrenched apart. And this use of all jean man to actually signify when something is separating or changing.
Or turning is what we see in a number of poems like follower with the turn of the plough being an example of on jean landers well so theres negative language as well with the use of the word wrenched and im going to come back to that but i want you to think about the significance of that verb wrenched. It shows how his father hates this and in a poem thats filled with so much imagery of nature. The image of a man made object a satellite here refers to perhaps how the speaker.
Feels that this is not a natural break. This is a forced man made break represented by the imagery of a man made satellite thats how he feels at the beginning. Its important to remember that stanza one things change and a lot of those changes are represented through the imagery.
The poem is filled with really rich imagery of metaphor and simile and you would expect that for a memory. Which is so important that the poet that he still feels it clearly after eighteen years. But when a poem contains lots of metaphors and images.
There is a risk that we just try to work out what they mean. But we need to focus our analysis on the idea that were exploring so the difficulty in letting go of a loved one the notion that it is the right thing to do. But its painful is what were looking at here.
The conflicting emotions in this relationship of not wanting to let go. But knowing.
Its the right thing so lets look at some of the images in relation to that the first is the beginning. A sunny day with the leaves just turning now in literal terms. The poet is talking about autumn here the season of autumn.
Its probably september because thats when school starts. Hes taken his kid to school and the leaves are turning brown on the trees so its just a literal description. But there is of course a deeper meaning the poet will often turn to the imagery of nature to help him understand the situation that hes in and in this case autumn.
Reflects the transition in the sons life. His son is entering a new season. And with that comes the pain of the father the leaves turning dying dropping off going brown reflects the sense of loss and pain felt by the speaker.
But its a natural image. Its an image of nature. So it suggests that the the speaker understands that its the right thing to do its the natural thing to do its the thing that is ordained by life itself.
But its also painful reflected through the dying leaves the next one is the touch lines new ruled in literal terms. The speaker is thinking about how when theyve gone to the school on the first day. The caretaker is clearly painted on the white lines on the pitch brand new for the new year.
But again theres a deeper meaning we can see the image is reflecting the way that the new boundaries. Because thats what touch lines are their boundaries arent they there are new boundaries of regulations being put in place in the father son. Relationship and the father has to come to terms with them continuing with nature imagery day lewis uses the bird metaphor of half fledged now fledged means when a young birds wing feathers are large enough so it can fly and the use of half fledged suggests that the speaker.
The father doesnt feel like his son is ready now this is very similar to simon armitage is mother any distance. Which refers to more nest imagery of fall or fly. So the bird nest imagery.
Which we see on the screen here is really important when a bird when a bird when a bird hatches in a nest at first all it does is eat the food. Its brought from its parents. But at some point.
The bird has to get up and fly and thats a risk because it jumps out of the nest and theres only one shot as eminem would say the birds going to jump out of the nest and begin falling to the ground and if it doesnt quickly work out how to fly its probably going to die and the speaker is acknowledging the seriousness of the situation he feels that his son isnt ready but again the use of natural imagery reflects how he accepts that it is the right thing. The natural thing to do by stands are three. However we get the sense that the father is starting to accept the changing nature of the relationship you remember in satellite.
A satellite stanza one we have satellite wrenched now satellite is at a man made object and not a natural object. The were drenched is a verb. Which is aggressive and sounds very negative.
But we move in stanza 3 to the image of like a winged seed loosened now theres a lot we could talk about this its a really interesting image. Its a move to natural imagery. Okay so its gone from a satellite to a winged seed which suggests the changing of thinking of it being man made and unnatural to sort of the right thing to do the word wrenched.
Which was used with the satellite. The verb wrench does now move to a much softer verb of loosened. Which reflects how the father is coming to terms with it and the winged seed itself is an interesting choice because its clearly designed its made and it is destined to fly away from its parent stem.
Whereas. The satellite is not supposed to leave its orbit. The winged seed is supposed to leave is parent stem and it again reflects a shift into its acceptance of what is happening is is right and it is natural.
So what else this is just an image that i think is quite complex so i want to explain it just because many of you might not get whats going on the scorching ideal ordeals. Which fire ones irresolute clay. Now here.
The poet is referring to the process of fire turning clay into a pot have you ever made something out of clay in school. And that you know you make it and then it has to go in the kiln. And what does a kiln do you can see one on the screen here it fires up and cools down and the changes in temperature make the clay change they make some quite profound changes in the clay.
It goes from this soft fragile substance to one which is rock hard impervious to water wind and time in other words. Its a hard process. But it makes it stronger and more able to to survive.
And that again is a metaphor for how difficult experiences make us grow up into independent people. The poets metaphor shows. He knows.
It is ultimately a good thing for his son. But the use of such painful language. Such as scorching wrenched and knorr show.
How its traumatic. Perhaps more so for the father. So again.
Theres this acknowledgement that the distancing relationship is a good thing with the outcry of pain and frustration to a very honest poem and then in the final stanza. We the reference to how god alone could perfectly show the love is proved in the letting go now to understand this we need to know the bible john 3 16. Says for god so loved the world.
He gave his only son that whosoever believes in him will not perish. But have everlasting life. The story of the bible is that god created man to have relationship with a man got a man in relationship.
But then man sins and ignores god and moves away from god. Now god is perfect and cannot be around sin. So the relationship between god and man is broken.
But what god does is he gives his son jesus to come to the earth to die on the cross to pay the price for our sins. So the forgiveness is bought by jesus. Now jesus is gods son and with the forgiveness that comes through jesus and being a christian.
We can now come back into relationship with god so religious imagery of god here sacrificing his son shows that it is the hard thing to do. But it is the right thing to do it is the sacred this theres been a lot of natural imagery. Now were having religious imagery that it is the sacred the godly the the morally right thing to do so to conclude we have a poem which explores the changing nature of a relationship doing so with the mixture of positive and negative feelings towards those changes please do give the video a thumbs up subscribe to the channel check out my ebooks at mr.
Brook calm and thanks for watching. .
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