who is considered to be the father of sociology This is a topic that many people are looking for. cfiva.org is a channel providing useful information about learning, life, digital marketing and online courses …. it will help you have an overview and solid multi-faceted knowledge . Today, cfiva.org would like to introduce to you Founding Fathers of Sociology. Following along are instructions in the video below:
Again everyone. Its been a bit of time since weve had a sociology sociology video on this page. But were going to add a new one today.
The topic of this one is going to be on the founding fathers of sociology. So were going to look at how sociology came to be as its own discipline kind of the context behind that as well as the ways in which the early sociologists impacted. The study of sociology and how we continue to do it today also im going to throw this out there right away.
If anyone can get me this shirt. Youll be my best friend of all time. And ill give you some candy or something.
But this shirts awesome so get it for me thanks in advance. All right to our central questions. We have two of them in this particular video.
Why do people consider sociology. A science in other words. What makes a discipline.
A science. And well see that with sociology and then second how did early sociologists help define the science of sociology. So what kind of ideas thoughts concepts.
Did they create that became the foundation for that discipline. So before we get into the actual fathers themselves we need to look at how sociology became an educational discipline compared to other disciplines. Especially in the social sciences.
Sociology. Is really young in fact we didnt start to see sociology emerge until 18th the 18th and 19th centuries in europe. Why might that be well one major event and hopefully you remember back to your world history days.
But a major event in the history of mankind especially in europe was the industrial revolution. Where we see a rise in a factory based industrial economy. So we see factories we see cities rising.
Which is this next one we see all of these different things being created that created an entirely new society especially with the creation of social inequalities. The third reason we start to see this emerge in the 18th and 19th centuries is because at this time. There is an explosion of new ideas about democracy and political rights also thinking back to your world history think about the enlightenment this time when people were questioning absolute rule.
And then also these these pretty violence. Oftentimes social revolutions that changed the way a lot of people look at society. So these are the origins of the science that we call sociology.
But now were going to take a look at the guys who really made it what it is the first is this dashing gentleman right here his name is auguste comte. He was a french social thinker.
And hes considered to be the quote father of sociology. Mostly because hes the one who actually coined the term. Okay when we talk about ologies.
Any kind of ology biology. Its the study of something and he since there wasnt really anything like this at his time. He said.
I want to study society. Well call it sociology. The study of society.
So we can we can attribute that term to him his big contribution to the field itself that we still see today is the idea of positivism. Which is understanding society based on science compte believed that society has its own laws. Much like the physical world has its own laws.
Think about gravity and stuff like that he says society operates in a very similar fashion and other sociologists have disagreed with him. But this is a pretty key concept in creating the science of sociology. The other part about positivism positivism is that we need to make sure that the knowledge.
We have is knowledge that we know for sure in other words. We can be positive of it so we cant really say something is true until we found that its thats true. Which is a big component of science compte also studied something called social dynamics and along with that social statics.
Looking at two different things first how society changes and then secondly how society stays. The same and different sociologists look at different things so how does order created and how does how do things change in our society. The second guy with the awesome sideburns.
There is a guy named herbert spencer. Very controversial figure in the study of sociology. He was an english sociologist.
The big part that he said about how societies formed is that society is like the human body. Much like the human body has different parts and all those parts work together to make the human being function society has something very similar. The example.
He gives here is just as the heart and eyes help body function social institutions like religion education. Whatever it might be help society function. So it is the sum of all these different parts and they all work together.
However. The thing that spencer is most known for thats very controversial is his idea of social darwinism. Hopefully youve heard of darwin before charles one who studied the theory of evolution especially with his finches in the galapagos islands.
Herbert spencer took that theory and he kind of twisted. It a little bit.
Its kind of a distorted view of of darwins theory. But he took natural selection did it the survive. The strongest will survive things like that he and he applied that to society.
He applied that to people all right we call it social darwinism. So he believed that the strongest members of a society should not help the weaker ones. Because the stronger ones are strong for a reason.
The weaker ones are weak for a reason. So the rich deserve to be rich the poor deserve to be poor. And if we have that it creates a stronger society.
We should let the sick let the weak let. The homeless. The people in poverty let those people go away because it makes our society as a whole stronger.
So as you can probably imagine. This is a very controversial topic. The third one.
Im guessing youve heard of before in world history is a guy named karl marx great again another great beard. He was a german economist sociologist. Among many other things but as far as sociology goes hes best known for looking at conflict in society.
And he argued that no matter where you are in society. There is always some kind of struggle going on and usually it has to do with valued resources. Whether its countries going to war whether theres rivalries between schools whether.
Theres an ax fight between two people at school marx would look at all of that. And say look our society is full of conflict everywhere. We go specifically he talked about class conflict.
According to marx there were two social classes. The proletariat and the bourgeoisie okay to kind of long fancy words. But the proletariat.
According to marx were the workers who sold their labor for wages so theyre the ones that worked in these new factories that were created in an industrial revolution. The persian huazi are the owners of those factories. The owners of those means of production and marx said that those two are always conflicting with each other.
And that theyre never going to be able to get along. He actually predicted that eventually the proletariat would rise up and overthrow the bourgeoisie. The workers would overthrow the owners.
Which is kind of the foundation for communism. Which again is part of our modern world today.
Even though its kind of gone away in the the last 50 years or so marx also rejected the idea of individualism. Which is a pretty significant concept. He called it false consciousness.
Often times people blame individuals for the flaws of society. Like theres some bad eggs or whatever. It might be marx believed that the system itself should be considered the cause of social problems.
The system in other words creates the problems not the individuals themselves. And thats something well debate later on our next. Founding father is gandhi here.
Named emile. Durkheim. And he was a french sociologist credited with and and even.
Though kampf t.s is credited with the creation of the word sociology. Durkheim was really the one thats credited with making an academic discipline something that could be studied in schools colleges universities.
Whatever it might have been and he believed that society exists beyond ourselves. And he has a famous quote here to love society is to love something beyond us and something in ourselves. Its kind of a complicated quote when you break it down.
It really makes sense durkheim said. That society is beyond the individual society. Was here before we were here any individuals were here it shapes us while we are on this earth and even after we die long after we die society can still continues to shape peoples lives.
So our personalities are created by the societies we live in so that quote where it says something in ourselves. He argued that society is in us its part of who we are because it shaped our personalities. Okay so its beyond us.
But its also within us. He was also big on qualitative data collection. Well talk more about this later on he was the first to use the scientific method to create sociological experiments.
Okay and we start to see data being collected to create social realities for example dirt kind of spent a lot of his time. Studying the concept of suicide and he tied that concept of suicide into another major concept that you definitely need to know. Its called social integration.
Durkheim said that the degree to which an individual is connected to society will effect. The self destructive behaviors. A person engages in so if someone who has very weak social ties that person is far more likely to go through self destructive behaviors.
Including suicide. He also looked at famous people or weve used his ideas to look at famous people and to see why famous people commit suicide.
And you take a look at the chart here this is an example of quantitative data. How we use numbers in order to create social realities for example. We see here that men have much higher suicide rates than women.
And it also varies within their different race and ethnic groups. So that is something that durkheim would have looked at and we help. We also use the quantitative data to help us figure that out he also said that an individuals desires must be balanced by the guidance of a society.
So there should be a balance between what the individual wants and what society thinks is appropriate and if you cant find that balance. Which honestly it can be very hard to find sometimes thats when you start to see very deviant behaviors. Very evil people being created those types of things and lastly.
But certainly not least we have max weber. Even though his name has a w. Hes germans who pronounce that w as a v.
He was a german scholar and sociologist and the big thing that he contributed to us is the idea of interpretive sociology. If you remember back we talked about compte the idea that that society was governed by laws. There were social laws weber kind of disagreed because he said that these realities are created by people themselves.
And as sociologists. Its our job to figure out what those realities really mean and unlike durkheim who has began quantitative data. Weber used qualitative data so more observation looking at the people around you looking at different social situations.
And figuring out the construction that weve made in those particular areas one of the most famous contributions. He made to sociology is called verstehen. Which is a german word that basically translates into what we consider you probably heard this phrase before putting yourself in someone elses shoes weber believed that in order to truly understand the people youre studying in order to truly understand the social situation you have to put yourself in that situation and immerse yourself in that particular situation only then according to verstehen is when you realize the social realities that exist in those places finally.
He created the idea of rationalization. Basically. Rationalization is the idea that our society has shifted and a lot of that is because of what happened in industrial revolution.
He says that modern society is based on the use of knowledge reason and planning rather than what it used to be. Which was tradition and superstition examples of this if you think about it people are willing to accept new technology and modern societies. Because we have this idea this knowledge of what it can do and the reason.
The reasonable idea that whatever this technology is is going to improve our lives people who dont believe in rationalization would say would be afraid of things like computers or cell phones because it would ruin the traditional ways of life. But rationalization. According to weber is what our society.
Today is based on knowledge reason planning ok and there you have it even though there are countless other individuals who have made really significant contributions to the field of sociology. These are the five that we are going to ask you to know going forward and the ones that really got this study. Going now that youve watched this video make sure youve completed your chart.
We also have the quiz on schoology to take and you can take as many times as you need in order to show that you understand some of the key concepts from the video. Thanks guys have a good one .
Thank you for watching all the articles on the topic Founding Fathers of Sociology. All shares of cfiva.org are very good. We hope you are satisfied with the article. For any questions, please leave a comment below. Hopefully you guys support our website even more.